ion-slides

Contents

The Slides component is a multi-section container. Each section can be swiped or dragged between. It contains any number of Slide components.

Adopted from Swiper.js: The most modern mobile touch slider and framework with hardware accelerated transitions.

http://www.idangero.us/swiper/

Copyright 2016, Vladimir Kharlampidi The iDangero.us http://www.idangero.us/

Licensed under MIT

Custom Animations

By default, Ionic slides use the built-in slide animation effect. Custom animations can be provided via the options property. Examples of other animations can be found below.

Coverflow

const slidesOpts = {
  slidesPerView: 3,
  coverflowEffect: {
    rotate: 50,
    stretch: 0,
    depth: 100,
    modifier: 1,
    slideShadows: true,
  },
  on: {
    beforeInit() {
      const swiper = this;

      swiper.classNames.push(`${swiper.params.containerModifierClass}coverflow`);
      swiper.classNames.push(`${swiper.params.containerModifierClass}3d`);

      swiper.params.watchSlidesProgress = true;
      swiper.originalParams.watchSlidesProgress = true;
    },
    setTranslate() {
      const swiper = this;
      const {
        width: swiperWidth, height: swiperHeight, slides, $wrapperEl, slidesSizesGrid, $
      } = swiper;
      const params = swiper.params.coverflowEffect;
      const isHorizontal = swiper.isHorizontal();
      const transform$$1 = swiper.translate;
      const center = isHorizontal ? -transform$$1 + (swiperWidth / 2) : -transform$$1 + (swiperHeight / 2);
      const rotate = isHorizontal ? params.rotate : -params.rotate;
      const translate = params.depth;
      // Each slide offset from center
      for (let i = 0, length = slides.length; i < length; i += 1) {
        const $slideEl = slides.eq(i);
        const slideSize = slidesSizesGrid[i];
        const slideOffset = $slideEl[0].swiperSlideOffset;
        const offsetMultiplier = ((center - slideOffset - (slideSize / 2)) / slideSize) * params.modifier;

         let rotateY = isHorizontal ? rotate * offsetMultiplier : 0;
        let rotateX = isHorizontal ? 0 : rotate * offsetMultiplier;
        // var rotateZ = 0
        let translateZ = -translate * Math.abs(offsetMultiplier);

         let translateY = isHorizontal ? 0 : params.stretch * (offsetMultiplier);
        let translateX = isHorizontal ? params.stretch * (offsetMultiplier) : 0;

         // Fix for ultra small values
        if (Math.abs(translateX) < 0.001) translateX = 0;
        if (Math.abs(translateY) < 0.001) translateY = 0;
        if (Math.abs(translateZ) < 0.001) translateZ = 0;
        if (Math.abs(rotateY) < 0.001) rotateY = 0;
        if (Math.abs(rotateX) < 0.001) rotateX = 0;

         const slideTransform = `translate3d(${translateX}px,${translateY}px,${translateZ}px)  rotateX(${rotateX}deg) rotateY(${rotateY}deg)`;

         $slideEl.transform(slideTransform);
        $slideEl[0].style.zIndex = -Math.abs(Math.round(offsetMultiplier)) + 1;
        if (params.slideShadows) {
          // Set shadows
          let $shadowBeforeEl = isHorizontal ? $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-left') : $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-top');
          let $shadowAfterEl = isHorizontal ? $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-right') : $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-bottom');
          if ($shadowBeforeEl.length === 0) {
            $shadowBeforeEl = swiper.$(`<div class="swiper-slide-shadow-${isHorizontal ? 'left' : 'top'}"></div>`);
            $slideEl.append($shadowBeforeEl);
          }
          if ($shadowAfterEl.length === 0) {
            $shadowAfterEl = swiper.$(`<div class="swiper-slide-shadow-${isHorizontal ? 'right' : 'bottom'}"></div>`);
            $slideEl.append($shadowAfterEl);
          }
          if ($shadowBeforeEl.length) $shadowBeforeEl[0].style.opacity = offsetMultiplier > 0 ? offsetMultiplier : 0;
          if ($shadowAfterEl.length) $shadowAfterEl[0].style.opacity = (-offsetMultiplier) > 0 ? -offsetMultiplier : 0;
        }
      }

       // Set correct perspective for IE10
      if (swiper.support.pointerEvents || swiper.support.prefixedPointerEvents) {
        const ws = $wrapperEl[0].style;
        ws.perspectiveOrigin = `${center}px 50%`;
      }
    },
    setTransition(duration) {
      const swiper = this;
      swiper.slides
        .transition(duration)
        .find('.swiper-slide-shadow-top, .swiper-slide-shadow-right, .swiper-slide-shadow-bottom, .swiper-slide-shadow-left')
        .transition(duration);
    }
  }
}

Cube

const slidesOpts = {
  grabCursor: true,
  cubeEffect: {
    shadow: true,
    slideShadows: true,
    shadowOffset: 20,
    shadowScale: 0.94,
  },
  on: {
    beforeInit: function() {
      const swiper = this;
      swiper.classNames.push(`${swiper.params.containerModifierClass}cube`);
      swiper.classNames.push(`${swiper.params.containerModifierClass}3d`);

      const overwriteParams = {
        slidesPerView: 1,
        slidesPerColumn: 1,
        slidesPerGroup: 1,
        watchSlidesProgress: true,
        resistanceRatio: 0,
        spaceBetween: 0,
        centeredSlides: false,
        virtualTranslate: true,
      };

      this.params = Object.assign(this.params, overwriteParams);
      this.originalParams = Object.assign(this.originalParams, overwriteParams);
    },
    setTranslate: function() {
      const swiper = this;
      const {
        $el, $wrapperEl, slides, width: swiperWidth, height: swiperHeight, rtlTranslate: rtl, size: swiperSize,
      } = swiper;
      const params = swiper.params.cubeEffect;
      const isHorizontal = swiper.isHorizontal();
      const isVirtual = swiper.virtual && swiper.params.virtual.enabled;
      let wrapperRotate = 0;
      let $cubeShadowEl;
      if (params.shadow) {
        if (isHorizontal) {
          $cubeShadowEl = $wrapperEl.find('.swiper-cube-shadow');
          if ($cubeShadowEl.length === 0) {
            $cubeShadowEl = swiper.$('<div class="swiper-cube-shadow"></div>');
            $wrapperEl.append($cubeShadowEl);
          }
          $cubeShadowEl.css({ height: `${swiperWidth}px` });
        } else {
          $cubeShadowEl = $el.find('.swiper-cube-shadow');
          if ($cubeShadowEl.length === 0) {
            $cubeShadowEl = swiper.$('<div class="swiper-cube-shadow"></div>');
            $el.append($cubeShadowEl);
          }
        }
      }

      for (let i = 0; i < slides.length; i += 1) {
        const $slideEl = slides.eq(i);
        let slideIndex = i;
        if (isVirtual) {
          slideIndex = parseInt($slideEl.attr('data-swiper-slide-index'), 10);
        }
        let slideAngle = slideIndex * 90;
        let round = Math.floor(slideAngle / 360);
        if (rtl) {
          slideAngle = -slideAngle;
          round = Math.floor(-slideAngle / 360);
        }
        const progress = Math.max(Math.min($slideEl[0].progress, 1), -1);
        let tx = 0;
        let ty = 0;
        let tz = 0;
        if (slideIndex % 4 === 0) {
          tx = -round * 4 * swiperSize;
          tz = 0;
        } else if ((slideIndex - 1) % 4 === 0) {
          tx = 0;
          tz = -round * 4 * swiperSize;
        } else if ((slideIndex - 2) % 4 === 0) {
          tx = swiperSize + (round * 4 * swiperSize);
          tz = swiperSize;
        } else if ((slideIndex - 3) % 4 === 0) {
          tx = -swiperSize;
          tz = (3 * swiperSize) + (swiperSize * 4 * round);
        }
        if (rtl) {
          tx = -tx;
        }

         if (!isHorizontal) {
          ty = tx;
          tx = 0;
        }

         const transform$$1 = `rotateX(${isHorizontal ? 0 : -slideAngle}deg) rotateY(${isHorizontal ? slideAngle : 0}deg) translate3d(${tx}px, ${ty}px, ${tz}px)`;
        if (progress <= 1 && progress > -1) {
          wrapperRotate = (slideIndex * 90) + (progress * 90);
          if (rtl) wrapperRotate = (-slideIndex * 90) - (progress * 90);
        }
        $slideEl.transform(transform$$1);
        if (params.slideShadows) {
          // Set shadows
          let shadowBefore = isHorizontal ? $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-left') : $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-top');
          let shadowAfter = isHorizontal ? $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-right') : $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-bottom');
          if (shadowBefore.length === 0) {
            shadowBefore = swiper.$(`<div class="swiper-slide-shadow-${isHorizontal ? 'left' : 'top'}"></div>`);
            $slideEl.append(shadowBefore);
          }
          if (shadowAfter.length === 0) {
            shadowAfter = swiper.$(`<div class="swiper-slide-shadow-${isHorizontal ? 'right' : 'bottom'}"></div>`);
            $slideEl.append(shadowAfter);
          }
          if (shadowBefore.length) shadowBefore[0].style.opacity = Math.max(-progress, 0);
          if (shadowAfter.length) shadowAfter[0].style.opacity = Math.max(progress, 0);
        }
      }
      $wrapperEl.css({
        '-webkit-transform-origin': `50% 50% -${swiperSize / 2}px`,
        '-moz-transform-origin': `50% 50% -${swiperSize / 2}px`,
        '-ms-transform-origin': `50% 50% -${swiperSize / 2}px`,
        'transform-origin': `50% 50% -${swiperSize / 2}px`,
      });

       if (params.shadow) {
        if (isHorizontal) {
          $cubeShadowEl.transform(`translate3d(0px, ${(swiperWidth / 2) + params.shadowOffset}px, ${-swiperWidth / 2}px) rotateX(90deg) rotateZ(0deg) scale(${params.shadowScale})`);
        } else {
          const shadowAngle = Math.abs(wrapperRotate) - (Math.floor(Math.abs(wrapperRotate) / 90) * 90);
          const multiplier = 1.5 - (
            (Math.sin((shadowAngle * 2 * Math.PI) / 360) / 2)
            + (Math.cos((shadowAngle * 2 * Math.PI) / 360) / 2)
          );
          const scale1 = params.shadowScale;
          const scale2 = params.shadowScale / multiplier;
          const offset$$1 = params.shadowOffset;
          $cubeShadowEl.transform(`scale3d(${scale1}, 1, ${scale2}) translate3d(0px, ${(swiperHeight / 2) + offset$$1}px, ${-swiperHeight / 2 / scale2}px) rotateX(-90deg)`);
        }
      }

      const zFactor = (swiper.browser.isSafari || swiper.browser.isUiWebView) ? (-swiperSize / 2) : 0;
      $wrapperEl
        .transform(`translate3d(0px,0,${zFactor}px) rotateX(${swiper.isHorizontal() ? 0 : wrapperRotate}deg) rotateY(${swiper.isHorizontal() ? -wrapperRotate : 0}deg)`);
    },
    setTransition: function(duration) {
      const swiper = this;
      const { $el, slides } = swiper;
      slides
        .transition(duration)
        .find('.swiper-slide-shadow-top, .swiper-slide-shadow-right, .swiper-slide-shadow-bottom, .swiper-slide-shadow-left')
        .transition(duration);
      if (swiper.params.cubeEffect.shadow && !swiper.isHorizontal()) {
        $el.find('.swiper-cube-shadow').transition(duration);
      }
    },
  }
}

Fade

const slidesOpts = {
  on: {
    beforeInit() {
      const swiper = this;
      swiper.classNames.push(`${swiper.params.containerModifierClass}fade`);
      const overwriteParams = {
        slidesPerView: 1,
        slidesPerColumn: 1,
        slidesPerGroup: 1,
        watchSlidesProgress: true,
        spaceBetween: 0,
        virtualTranslate: true,
      };
      swiper.params = Object.assign(swiper.params, overwriteParams);
      swiper.params = Object.assign(swiper.originalParams, overwriteParams);
    },
    setTranslate() {
      const swiper = this;
      const { slides } = swiper;
      for (let i = 0; i < slides.length; i += 1) {
        const $slideEl = swiper.slides.eq(i);
        const offset$$1 = $slideEl[0].swiperSlideOffset;
        let tx = -offset$$1;
        if (!swiper.params.virtualTranslate) tx -= swiper.translate;
        let ty = 0;
        if (!swiper.isHorizontal()) {
          ty = tx;
          tx = 0;
        }
        const slideOpacity = swiper.params.fadeEffect.crossFade
          ? Math.max(1 - Math.abs($slideEl[0].progress), 0)
          : 1 + Math.min(Math.max($slideEl[0].progress, -1), 0);
        $slideEl
          .css({
            opacity: slideOpacity,
          })
          .transform(`translate3d(${tx}px, ${ty}px, 0px)`);
      }
    },
    setTransition(duration) {
      const swiper = this;
      const { slides, $wrapperEl } = swiper;
      slides.transition(duration);
      if (swiper.params.virtualTranslate && duration !== 0) {
        let eventTriggered = false;
        slides.transitionEnd(() => {
          if (eventTriggered) return;
          if (!swiper || swiper.destroyed) return;
          eventTriggered = true;
          swiper.animating = false;
          const triggerEvents = ['webkitTransitionEnd', 'transitionend'];
          for (let i = 0; i < triggerEvents.length; i += 1) {
            $wrapperEl.trigger(triggerEvents[i]);
          }
        });
      }
    },
  }
}    

Flip

const slideOpts = {
  on: {
    beforeInit() {
      const swiper = this;
      swiper.classNames.push(`${swiper.params.containerModifierClass}flip`);
      swiper.classNames.push(`${swiper.params.containerModifierClass}3d`);
      const overwriteParams = {
        slidesPerView: 1,
        slidesPerColumn: 1,
        slidesPerGroup: 1,
        watchSlidesProgress: true,
        spaceBetween: 0,
        virtualTranslate: true,
      };
      swiper.params = Object.assign(swiper.params, overwriteParams);
      swiper.originalParams = Object.assign(swiper.originalParams, overwriteParams);
    },
    setTranslate() {
      const swiper = this;
      const { $, slides, rtlTranslate: rtl } = swiper;
      for (let i = 0; i < slides.length; i += 1) {
        const $slideEl = slides.eq(i);
        let progress = $slideEl[0].progress;
        if (swiper.params.flipEffect.limitRotation) {
          progress = Math.max(Math.min($slideEl[0].progress, 1), -1);
        }
        const offset$$1 = $slideEl[0].swiperSlideOffset;
        const rotate = -180 * progress;
        let rotateY = rotate;
        let rotateX = 0;
        let tx = -offset$$1;
        let ty = 0;
        if (!swiper.isHorizontal()) {
          ty = tx;
          tx = 0;
          rotateX = -rotateY;
          rotateY = 0;
        } else if (rtl) {
          rotateY = -rotateY;
        }

         $slideEl[0].style.zIndex = -Math.abs(Math.round(progress)) + slides.length;

         if (swiper.params.flipEffect.slideShadows) {
          // Set shadows
          let shadowBefore = swiper.isHorizontal() ? $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-left') : $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-top');
          let shadowAfter = swiper.isHorizontal() ? $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-right') : $slideEl.find('.swiper-slide-shadow-bottom');
          if (shadowBefore.length === 0) {
            shadowBefore = swiper.$(`<div class="swiper-slide-shadow-${swiper.isHorizontal() ? 'left' : 'top'}"></div>`);
            $slideEl.append(shadowBefore);
          }
          if (shadowAfter.length === 0) {
            shadowAfter = swiper.$(`<div class="swiper-slide-shadow-${swiper.isHorizontal() ? 'right' : 'bottom'}"></div>`);
            $slideEl.append(shadowAfter);
          }
          if (shadowBefore.length) shadowBefore[0].style.opacity = Math.max(-progress, 0);
          if (shadowAfter.length) shadowAfter[0].style.opacity = Math.max(progress, 0);
        }
        $slideEl
          .transform(`translate3d(${tx}px, ${ty}px, 0px) rotateX(${rotateX}deg) rotateY(${rotateY}deg)`);
      }
    },
    setTransition(duration) {
      const swiper = this;
      const { slides, activeIndex, $wrapperEl } = swiper;
      slides
        .transition(duration)
        .find('.swiper-slide-shadow-top, .swiper-slide-shadow-right, .swiper-slide-shadow-bottom, .swiper-slide-shadow-left')
        .transition(duration);
      if (swiper.params.virtualTranslate && duration !== 0) {
        let eventTriggered = false;
        // eslint-disable-next-line
        slides.eq(activeIndex).transitionEnd(function onTransitionEnd() {
          if (eventTriggered) return;
          if (!swiper || swiper.destroyed) return;

          eventTriggered = true;
          swiper.animating = false;
          const triggerEvents = ['webkitTransitionEnd', 'transitionend'];
          for (let i = 0; i < triggerEvents.length; i += 1) {
            $wrapperEl.trigger(triggerEvents[i]);
          }
        });
      }
    }
  }
};

Usage

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'slides-example',
  template: `
    <ion-slides pager="true" [options]="slideOpts">
      <ion-slide>
        <h1>Slide 1</h1>
      </ion-slide>
      <ion-slide>
        <h1>Slide 2</h1>
      </ion-slide>
      <ion-slide>
        <h1>Slide 3</h1>
      </ion-slide>
    </ion-slides>
  `
})
export class SlideExample {
  // Optional parameters to pass to the swiper instance. See http://idangero.us/swiper/api/ for valid options.
  slideOpts = {
    initialSlide: 1,
    speed: 400
  };
  constructor() {}
}
  <ion-slides pager="true">

    <ion-slide>
      <h1>Slide 1</h1>
    </ion-slide>

    <ion-slide>
      <h1>Slide 2</h1>
    </ion-slide>

    <ion-slide>
      <h1>Slide 3</h1>
    </ion-slide>
  </ion-slides>
var slides = document.querySelector('ion-slides');

// Optional parameters to pass to the swiper instance. See http://idangero.us/swiper/api/ for valid options.
slides.options = {
  initialSlide: 1,
  speed: 400
}
import React from 'react';
import { IonSlides, IonSlide, IonContent } from '@ionic/react';

// Optional parameters to pass to the swiper instance. See http://idangero.us/swiper/api/ for valid options.
const slideOpts = {
  initialSlide: 1,
  speed: 400
};

export const SlidesExample: React.FunctionComponent = () => (
  <IonContent>
    <IonSlides pager={true} options={slideOpts}>
      <IonSlide>
        <h1>Slide 1</h1>
      </IonSlide>
      <IonSlide>
        <h1>Slide 2</h1>
      </IonSlide>
      <IonSlide>
        <h1>Slide 3</h1>
      </IonSlide>
    </IonSlides>
  </IonContent>
);
<template>
  <ion-slides pager="true" :options="slideOpts">
    <ion-slide>
      <h1>Slide 1</h1>
    </ion-slide>
    <ion-slide>
      <h1>Slide 2</h1>
    </ion-slide>
    <ion-slide>
      <h1>Slide 3</h1>
    </ion-slide>
  </ion-slides>
</template>


<script lang="ts">
  import { Component, Vue } from 'vue-property-decorator';

  @Component()
  export default class Example extends Vue {
    // Optional parameters to pass to the swiper instance. See http://idangero.us/swiper/api/ for valid options.
    slideOpts = {
      initialSlide: 1,
      speed: 400
    };
  }
</script>

Properties

mode

Description

The mode determines which platform styles to use.

Attributemode
Type"ios" | "md"

options

Description

Options to pass to the swiper instance. See http://idangero.us/swiper/api/ for valid options

Attributeoptions
Typeany
Default{}

pager

Description

If true, show the pagination.

Attributepager
Typeboolean
Defaultfalse

scrollbar

Description

If true, show the scrollbar.

Attributescrollbar
Typeboolean
Defaultfalse

Events

NameDescription
ionSlideDidChangeEmitted after the active slide has changed.
ionSlideDoubleTapEmitted when the user double taps on the slide's container.
ionSlideDragEmitted when the slider is actively being moved.
ionSlideNextEndEmitted when the next slide has ended.
ionSlideNextStartEmitted when the next slide has started.
ionSlidePrevEndEmitted when the previous slide has ended.
ionSlidePrevStartEmitted when the previous slide has started.
ionSlideReachEndEmitted when the slider is at the last slide.
ionSlideReachStartEmitted when the slider is at its initial position.
ionSlidesDidLoadEmitted after Swiper initialization
ionSlideTapEmitted when the user taps/clicks on the slide's container.
ionSlideTouchEndEmitted when the user releases the touch.
ionSlideTouchStartEmitted when the user first touches the slider.
ionSlideTransitionEndEmitted when the slide transition has ended.
ionSlideTransitionStartEmitted when the slide transition has started.
ionSlideWillChangeEmitted before the active slide has changed.

Methods

getActiveIndex

Description

Get the index of the active slide.

SignaturegetActiveIndex() => Promise<number>

getPreviousIndex

Description

Get the index of the previous slide.

SignaturegetPreviousIndex() => Promise<number>

isBeginning

Description

Get whether or not the current slide is the first slide.

SignatureisBeginning() => Promise<boolean>

isEnd

Description

Get whether or not the current slide is the last slide.

SignatureisEnd() => Promise<boolean>

length

Description

Get the total number of slides.

Signaturelength() => Promise<number>

lockSwipeToNext

Description

Lock or unlock the ability to slide to the next slide.

SignaturelockSwipeToNext(lock: boolean) => Promise<void>

lockSwipeToPrev

Description

Lock or unlock the ability to slide to the previous slide.

SignaturelockSwipeToPrev(lock: boolean) => Promise<void>

lockSwipes

Description

Lock or unlock the ability to slide to the next or previous slide.

SignaturelockSwipes(lock: boolean) => Promise<void>

slideNext

Description

Transition to the next slide.

SignatureslideNext(speed?: number | undefined, runCallbacks?: boolean | undefined) => Promise<void>

slidePrev

Description

Transition to the previous slide.

SignatureslidePrev(speed?: number | undefined, runCallbacks?: boolean | undefined) => Promise<void>

slideTo

Description

Transition to the specified slide.

SignatureslideTo(index: number, speed?: number | undefined, runCallbacks?: boolean | undefined) => Promise<void>

startAutoplay

Description

Start auto play.

SignaturestartAutoplay() => Promise<void>

stopAutoplay

Description

Stop auto play.

SignaturestopAutoplay() => Promise<void>

update

Description

Update the underlying slider implementation. Call this if you've added or removed child slides.

Signatureupdate() => Promise<void>

updateAutoHeight

Description

Force swiper to update its height (when autoHeight is enabled) for the duration equal to 'speed' parameter.

SignatureupdateAutoHeight(speed?: number | undefined) => Promise<void>

CSS Custom Properties

NameDescription
--bullet-backgroundBackground of the pagination bullets
--bullet-background-activeBackground of the active pagination bullet
View Source