Adding Pages

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Now that we have a basic understanding of the layout of an Ionic app, let’s walk through the process of creating and navigating to pages in our app.

Taking a look at src/app/app.html, we see this line near the bottom:

<ion-nav [root]="rootPage" #content swipeBackEnabled="false"></ion-nav>

Pay attention to the [root] property binding. This sets what is essentially the first, or “root” page for the ion-nav component. When ion-nav loads, the component referenced by the variable rootPage will be the root page.

In src/app/app.component.ts, the MyApp component specifies HelloIonicPage as the root page by assigning it to the rootPage variable:

...
import { HelloIonicPage } from '../pages/hello-ionic/hello-ionic';
...

export class MyApp {
  ...

  // make HelloIonicPage the root (or first) page
  rootPage: any = HelloIonicPage;
  pages: Array<{ title: string, component: any }>;

    constructor(private platform: Platform, private menu: MenuController, ...) {
      ...
    }
  ...
}

We see that rootPage is set to HelloIonicPage, so HelloIonicPage will be the first page loaded in the nav controller. Let’s take a look at it.

Creating a Page

Next, let’s check out the HelloIonicPage that we are importing. Inside the src/pages/hello-ionic/ folder, go and open up hello-ionic.ts.

You may have noticed that each page has its own folder that is named after the page. Inside each folder, we also see a .html and a .scss file with the same name. For example, inside of hello-ionic/ we will find hello-ionic.ts, hello-ionic.html, and hello-ionic.scss. Although using this pattern is not required, it can be helpful to keep things organized.

Below, we see the HelloIonicPage class. This creates a Page - an Angular component with all Ionic directives already provided, to be loaded using Ionic’s navigation system. Notice that because Pages are meant to be loaded dynamically, they don’t need to have a selector. However, the selector is useful in order to override the default styles on a specific page (see hello-ionic.scss):

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'page-hello-ionic',
  templateUrl: 'hello-ionic.html'
})
export class HelloIonicPage {
  constructor() {

  }
}

All pages have both a class, and an associated template that’s being compiled as well. Let’s check out src/pages/hello-ionic/hello-ionic.html - the template file for this page:


<ion-header>
  <ion-navbar>
    <button ion-button menuToggle>
      <ion-icon name="menu"></ion-icon>
    </button>
    <ion-title>Hello Ionic</ion-title>
  </ion-navbar>
</ion-header>


<ion-content padding>

  <h3>Welcome to your first Ionic app!</h3>

  <p>
    This starter project is our way of helping you get a functional app running in record time.
  </p>
  <p>
    Follow along on the tutorial section of the Ionic docs!
  </p>
  <p>
    <button ion-button color="primary" menuToggle>Toggle Menu</button>
  </p>

</ion-content>

The <ion-navbar> is a template for the navigation bar on this page. As we navigate to this page, the button and title of the navigation bar transition in as part of the page transition.

The rest of the template is standard Ionic code that sets up our content area and prints our welcome message.

Creating Additional Pages

To create an additional page, we don’t need to do much beyond making sure we correctly configure the title and anything else we want the navigation bar to display.

Let’s check out the contents of src/pages/list/list.ts. Inside, you will see a new page is defined:

import {Component} from "@angular/core";
import {NavController, NavParams} from 'ionic-angular';
import {ItemDetailsPage} from '../item-details/item-details';


@Component({
  selector: 'page-list',
  templateUrl: 'list.html'
})
export class ListPage {
  selectedItem: any;
  icons: string[];
  items: Array<{ title: string, note: string, icon: string }>;

  constructor(public navCtrl: NavController, public navParams: NavParams) {
    this.icons = ['flask', 'wifi', 'beer', 'football', 'basketball', 'paper-plane',
      'american-football', 'boat', 'bluetooth', 'build'];

    this.items = [];
    for (let i = 1; i < 11; i++) {
      this.items.push({
        title: 'Item ' + i,
        note: 'This is item #' + i,
        icon: this.icons[Math.floor(Math.random() * this.icons.length)]
      });
    }
  }

  itemTapped(event, item) {
    this.navCtrl.push(ItemDetailsPage, {
      item: item
    });
  }
}

This page will create a basic list page containing a number of items.

Overall, this page is very similar to the HelloIonicPage we saw earlier. In the next section, we will learn how to navigate to a new page!

API

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