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ion-select

Selectは、ネイティブの<select>要素と同様に、オプションのセットからオプションを選択するためのフォームコントロールです。ユーザがselectをタップすると、すべてのオプションを含むダイアログが、選択しやすい大きなリストで表示されます。

selectは、子要素<ion-select-option>とともに使用する必要があります。子要素のオプションにvalue属性が指定されていない場合、そのtextが値として使用されます。

value<ion-select>にセットされている場合、オプションはその値に基づいて選択済みになります。

インターフェイス

デフォルトでは、select は ion-alert を使ってAlertのオプションのオーバーレイを開きます。インターフェイスを変更して、ion-action-sheet または ion-popover を使用するには、action-sheetまたはpopoverinterfaceプロパティに渡します。各インタフェースの制限については、他のセクションを参照してください。

単一選択

デフォルトでは、selectを使用すると、ユーザは1つのOptionだけを選択できます。Alertのインターフェースでは、Optionのリストがradio button形式で表示されます。action sheetインタフェースは、1つの値選択でのみ使用できます。selectコンポーネントの値は、選択したオプションの値の値を受け取ります。

複数選択

multiple 属性を追加して選択すると、複数のOptionを選択できます。複数のOptionを選択できる場合は、checkbox形式のオプションのリストがAlertオーバーレイで表示されます。selectコンポーネントの値は、選択されたすべてのオプション値の配列を受け取ります。

Note: action-sheetpopover インターフェイスでは、複数選択は動作しません

Object値について

選択した値にObjectを使用する場合、これらのObjectの識別情報がサーバーまたはデータベースからのものであれば変更できますが、選択した値の識別情報は変更されません。たとえば、目的のObject値を持つ既存の値がselectにロードされたが、新しく取得されたselectオプションが異なるIDを持つようになった場合などです。これにより、元の選択がそのままの状態であっても、選択に値がまったく表示されなくなります。

デフォルトでは、selectはObjectの等価性(===)を使用して、オプションが選択されているかどうかを判断します。これはcompareWithsプロパティにプロパティ名または関数を指定することで上書きできます。

SelectのButton

alertはふたつのボタンをサポートしています: CancelOK です。それぞれのボタンは、 cancelTextokText プロパティを使ってカスタマイズできます。

action-sheetpopover インタフェースには OK ボタンがありません。いずれかのオプションをクリックすると、自動的にオーバーレイが閉じ、その値が選択されます。popover インターフェースにはCancelボタンがないので、backdropをクリックするとオーバーレイが閉じます。

インターフェイスオプション

Since select uses the alert, action sheet and popover interfaces, options can be passed to these components through the interfaceOptions property. This can be used to pass a custom header, subheader, css class, and more.

See the ion-alert docs, ion-action-sheet docs, and ion-popover docs for the properties that each interface accepts.

Note: interfaceOptions will not override inputs or buttons with the alert interface.

Customization

There are two units that make up the Select component and each need to be styled separately. The ion-select element is represented on the view by the selected value(s), or placeholder if there is none, and dropdown icon. The interface, which is defined in the Interfaces section above, is the dialog that opens when clicking on the ion-select. The interface contains all of the options defined by adding ion-select-option elements. The following sections will go over the differences between styling these.

Styling Select Element

As mentioned, the ion-select element consists only of the value(s), or placeholder, and icon that is displayed on the view. To customize this, style using a combination of CSS and any of the CSS custom properties:

ion-select {
  /* Applies to the value and placeholder color */
  color: #545ca7;

  /* Set a different placeholder color */
  --placeholder-color: #971e49;

  /* Set full opacity on the placeholder */
  --placeholder-opacity: 1;
}
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Alternatively, depending on the browser support needed, CSS shadow parts can be used to style the select:

/* Set the width to the full container and center the content */
ion-select {
  width: 100%;

  justify-content: center;
}

/* Set the flex in order to size the text width to its content */
ion-select::part(placeholder),
ion-select::part(text) {
  flex: 0 0 auto;
}

/* Set the placeholder color and opacity */
ion-select::part(placeholder) {
  color: #20a08a;
  opacity: 1;
}

/*
 * Set the font of the first letter of the placeholder
 * Shadow parts work with pseudo-elements, too!
 * https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/jp/docs/Web/CSS/Pseudo-elements
 */
ion-select::part(placeholder)::first-letter {
  font-size: 24px;
  font-weight: 500;
}

/* Set the text color */
ion-select::part(text) {
  color: #545ca7;
}

/* Set the icon color and opacity */
ion-select::part(icon) {
  color: #971e49;
  opacity: 1;
}
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Notice that by using ::part, any CSS property on the element can be targeted.

Styling Select Interface

Customizing the interface dialog should be done by following the Customization section in that interface's documentation:

However, the Select Option does set a class for easier styling and allows for the ability to pass a class to the overlay option, see the Select Options documentation for usage examples of customizing options.

利用方法

Single Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Single Selection
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Gender</ion-label>
    <ion-select placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="f">Female</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="m">Male</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Hair Color</ion-label>
    <ion-select value="brown" okText="Okay" cancelText="Dismiss">
      <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

</ion-list>
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Multiple Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Multiple Selection
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Toppings</ion-label>
    <ion-select multiple="true" cancelText="Nah" okText="Okay!">
      <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Pets</ion-label>
    <ion-select multiple="true" [value]="['bird', 'dog']">
      <ion-select-option value="bird">Bird</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="cat">Cat</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="dog">Dog</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="honeybadger">Honey Badger</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>
</ion-list>
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Objects as Values

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Objects as Values (compareWith)
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Users</ion-label>
    <ion-select [compareWith]="compareWith">
      <ion-select-option *ngFor="let user of users" [value]="user">{{user.first + ' ' + user.last}}</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>
</ion-list>
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import { Component } from '@angular/core';

interface User {
  id: number;
  first: string;
  last: string;
}

@Component({
  selector: 'select-example',
  templateUrl: 'select-example.html',
  styleUrls: ['./select-example.css'],
})
export class SelectExample {
  users: User[] = [
    {
      id: 1,
      first: 'Alice',
      last: 'Smith',
    },
    {
      id: 2,
      first: 'Bob',
      last: 'Davis',
    },
    {
      id: 3,
      first: 'Charlie',
      last: 'Rosenburg',
    }
  ];

  compareWith(o1: User, o2: User) {
    return o1 && o2 ? o1.id === o2.id : o1 === o2;
  }
}
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Objects as Values with Multiple Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Objects as Values (compareWith)
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Users</ion-label>
    <ion-select [compareWith]="compareWith" multiple="true">
      <ion-select-option *ngFor="let user of users" [value]="user">{{user.first + ' ' + user.last}}</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>
</ion-list>
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import { Component } from '@angular/core';

interface User {
  id: number;
  first: string;
  last: string;
}

@Component({
  selector: 'select-example',
  templateUrl: 'select-example.html',
  styleUrls: ['./select-example.css'],
})
export class SelectExample {
  users: User[] = [
    {
      id: 1,
      first: 'Alice',
      last: 'Smith',
    },
    {
      id: 2,
      first: 'Bob',
      last: 'Davis',
    },
    {
      id: 3,
      first: 'Charlie',
      last: 'Rosenburg',
    }
  ];

  compareWith(o1: User, o2: User | User[]) {
    if (!o1 || !o2) {
      return o1 === o2;
    }

    if (Array.isArray(o2)) {
      return o2.some((u: User) => u.id === o1.id);
    }

    return o1.id === o2.id;
  }
}
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Interface Options

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Interface Options
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Alert</ion-label>
    <ion-select [interfaceOptions]="customAlertOptions" interface="alert" multiple="true" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Popover</ion-label>
    <ion-select [interfaceOptions]="customPopoverOptions" interface="popover" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Action Sheet</ion-label>
    <ion-select [interfaceOptions]="customActionSheetOptions" interface="action-sheet" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="purple">Purple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="yellow">Yellow</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="orange">Orange</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="green">Green</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

</ion-list>
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import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'select-example',
  templateUrl: 'select-example.html',
  styleUrls: ['./select-example.css'],
})
export class SelectExample {
  customAlertOptions: any = {
    header: 'Pizza Toppings',
    subHeader: 'Select your toppings',
    message: '$1.00 per topping',
    translucent: true
  };

  customPopoverOptions: any = {
    header: 'Hair Color',
    subHeader: 'Select your hair color',
    message: 'Only select your dominant hair color'
  };

  customActionSheetOptions: any = {
    header: 'Colors',
    subHeader: 'Select your favorite color'
  };
}
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Single Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Single Selection
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Gender</ion-label>
    <ion-select placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="f">Female</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="m">Male</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Hair Color</ion-label>
    <ion-select value="brown" ok-text="Okay" cancel-text="Dismiss">
      <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

</ion-list>
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Multiple Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Multiple Selection
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Toppings</ion-label>
    <ion-select multiple="true" cancel-text="Nah" ok-text="Okay!">
      <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Pets</ion-label>
    <ion-select id="multiple" multiple="true">
      <ion-select-option value="bird">Bird</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="cat">Cat</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="dog">Dog</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="honeybadger">Honey Badger</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>
</ion-list>
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const select = document.querySelector('multiple');
select.value = ['bird', 'dog'];
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Objects as Values

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Objects as Values (compareWith)
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Users</ion-label>
    <ion-select id="objectSelectCompareWith"></ion-select>
  </ion-item>
</ion-list>
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  let objectOptions = [
    {
      id: 1,
      first: 'Alice',
      last: 'Smith',
    },
    {
      id: 2,
      first: 'Bob',
      last: 'Davis',
    },
    {
      id: 3,
      first: 'Charlie',
      last: 'Rosenburg',
    }
  ];

  let compareWithFn = (o1, o2) => {
    return o1 && o2 ? o1.id === o2.id : o1 === o2;
  };

  let objectSelectElement = document.getElementById('objectSelectCompareWith');
  objectSelectElement.compareWith = compareWithFn;

  objectOptions.forEach((option, i) => {
    let selectOption = document.createElement('ion-select-option');
    selectOption.value = option;
    selectOption.textContent = option.first + ' ' + option.last;

    objectSelectElement.appendChild(selectOption)
  });

  objectSelectElement.value = objectOptions[0];
}
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Interface Options

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>
    <ion-label>
      Interface Options
    </ion-label>
  </ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Alert</ion-label>
    <ion-select id="customAlertSelect" interface="alert" multiple="true" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Popover</ion-label>
    <ion-select id="customPopoverSelect" interface="popover" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Action Sheet</ion-label>
    <ion-select id="customActionSheetSelect" interface="action-sheet" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="purple">Purple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="yellow">Yellow</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="orange">Orange</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="green">Green</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

</ion-list>
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var customAlertSelect = document.getElementById('customAlertSelect');
var customAlertOptions = {
  header: 'Pizza Toppings',
  subHeader: 'Select your toppings',
  message: '$1.00 per topping',
  translucent: true
};
customAlertSelect.interfaceOptions = customAlertOptions;

var customPopoverSelect = document.getElementById('customPopoverSelect');
var customPopoverOptions = {
  header: 'Hair Color',
  subHeader: 'Select your hair color',
  message: 'Only select your dominant hair color'
};
customPopoverSelect.interfaceOptions = customPopoverOptions;

var customActionSheetSelect = document.getElementById('customActionSheetSelect');
var customActionSheetOptions = {
  header: 'Colors',
  subHeader: 'Select your favorite color'
};
customActionSheetSelect.interfaceOptions = customActionSheetOptions;
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Single Selection

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { IonContent, IonItem, IonLabel, IonList, IonListHeader, IonSelect, IonSelectOption, IonPage, IonItemDivider } from '@ionic/react';

export const SingleSelection: React.FC = () => {

  const [gender, setGender] = useState<string>();
  const [hairColor, setHairColor] = useState<string>('brown');

  return (
    <IonPage>
      <IonContent>
        <IonList>
          <IonListHeader>
            <IonLabel>
              Single Selection
            </IonLabel>
          </IonListHeader>

          <IonItem>
            <IonLabel>Gender</IonLabel>
            <IonSelect value={gender} placeholder="Select One" onIonChange={e => setGender(e.detail.value)}>
              <IonSelectOption value="female">Female</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="male">Male</IonSelectOption>
            </IonSelect>
          </IonItem>

          <IonItem>
            <IonLabel>Hair Color</IonLabel>
            <IonSelect value={hairColor} okText="Okay" cancelText="Dismiss" onIonChange={e => setHairColor(e.detail.value)}>
              <IonSelectOption value="brown">Brown</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="blonde">Blonde</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="black">Black</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="red">Red</IonSelectOption>
            </IonSelect>
          </IonItem>
          <IonItemDivider>Your Selections</IonItemDivider>
          <IonItem>Gender: {gender ?? '(none selected)'}</IonItem>
          <IonItem>Hair Color: {hairColor}</IonItem>
        </IonList>
      </IonContent>
    </IonPage>
  );
};
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Multiple Selection

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { IonContent, IonItem, IonLabel, IonList, IonListHeader, IonSelect, IonSelectOption, IonPage, IonItemDivider } from '@ionic/react';

export const MultipleSelection: React.FC = () => {

  const [toppings, setToppings] = useState<string[]>([]);
  const [pets, setPets] = useState<string[]>(['bird', 'dog']);

  return (
    <IonPage>
      <IonContent>
        <IonList>
          <IonListHeader>
            <IonLabel>
              Multiple Selection
        </IonLabel>
          </IonListHeader>

          <IonItem>
            <IonLabel>Toppings</IonLabel>
            <IonSelect value={toppings} multiple={true} cancelText="Nah" okText="Okay!" onIonChange={e => setToppings(e.detail.value)}>
              <IonSelectOption value="bacon">Bacon</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="olives">Black Olives</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="peppers">Green Peppers</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="onions">Onions</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="pineapple">Pineapple</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="sausage">Sausage</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="Spinach">Spinach</IonSelectOption>
            </IonSelect>
          </IonItem>

          <IonItem>
            <IonLabel>Pets</IonLabel>
            <IonSelect multiple={true} value={pets} onIonChange={e => setPets(e.detail.value)}>
              <IonSelectOption value="bird">Bird</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="cat">Cat</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="dog">Dog</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="honeybadger">Honey Badger</IonSelectOption>
            </IonSelect>
          </IonItem>
          <IonItemDivider>Your Selections</IonItemDivider>
          <IonItem>Toppings: {toppings.length ? toppings.reduce((curr, prev) => prev + ', ' + curr, '') : '(none selected)'}</IonItem>
          <IonItem>Pets: {pets.length ? pets.reduce((curr, prev) => prev + ', ' + curr, '') : '(none selected)'}</IonItem>
        </IonList>
      </IonContent>
    </IonPage>
  );
};
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Objects as Values

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { IonContent, IonItem, IonLabel, IonList, IonListHeader, IonSelect, IonSelectOption, IonPage, IonItemDivider } from '@ionic/react';

const users = [
  {
    id: 1,
    first: 'Alice',
    last: 'Smith'
  },
  {
    id: 2,
    first: 'Bob',
    last: 'Davis'
  },
  {
    id: 3,
    first: 'Charlie',
    last: 'Rosenburg',
  }
];

type User = typeof users[number];

const compareWith = (o1: User, o2: User) => {
  return o1 && o2 ? o1.id === o2.id : o1 === o2;
};

export const ObjectSelection: React.FC = () => {

  const [selectedUsers, setSelectedUsers] = useState<User[]>([]);

  return (
    <IonPage>
      <IonContent>
        <IonList>
          <IonListHeader>
            <IonLabel>
              Objects as Values (compareWith)
            </IonLabel>
          </IonListHeader>
          <IonItem>
            <IonLabel>Users</IonLabel>
            <IonSelect compareWith={compareWith} value={selectedUsers} multiple onIonChange={e => setSelectedUsers(e.detail.value)}>
              {users.map(user => (
                <IonSelectOption key={user.id} value={user}>
                  {user.first} {user.last}
                </IonSelectOption>
              ))}
            </IonSelect>
          </IonItem>
          <IonItemDivider>Selected Users</IonItemDivider>
          {selectedUsers.length ?
            selectedUsers.map(user => <IonItem key={user.id}>{user.first} {user.last}</IonItem>) :
            <IonItem>(none selected)</IonItem>
          }
        </IonList>
      </IonContent>
    </IonPage>
  );
};
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Interface Options

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { IonContent, IonItem, IonLabel, IonList, IonListHeader, IonSelect, IonSelectOption, IonPage, IonItemDivider } from '@ionic/react';

const customAlertOptions = {
  header: 'Pizza Toppings',
  subHeader: 'Select your toppings',
  message: '$1.00 per topping',
  translucent: true
};

const customPopoverOptions = {
  header: 'Hair Color',
  subHeader: 'Select your hair color',
  message: 'Only select your dominant hair color'
};

const customActionSheetOptions = {
  header: 'Colors',
  subHeader: 'Select your favorite color'
};

export const InterfaceOptionsSelection: React.FC = () => {

  const [toppings, setToppings] = useState<string[]>([]);
  const [hairColor, setHairColor] = useState<string>('brown');
  const [color, setColor] = useState<string>();

  return (
    <IonPage>
      <IonContent>
        <IonList>
          <IonListHeader>
            <IonLabel>
              Interface Options
            </IonLabel>
          </IonListHeader>

          <IonItem>
            <IonLabel>Alert</IonLabel>
            <IonSelect
              interfaceOptions={customAlertOptions}
              interface="alert"
              multiple={true}
              placeholder="Select One"
              onIonChange={e => setToppings(e.detail.value)}
              value={toppings}
            >
              <IonSelectOption value="bacon">Bacon</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="olives">Black Olives</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="peppers">Green Peppers</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="onions">Onions</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="pineapple">Pineapple</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="sausage">Sausage</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="Spinach">Spinach</IonSelectOption>
            </IonSelect>
          </IonItem>

          <IonItem>
            <IonLabel>Popover</IonLabel>
            <IonSelect
              interfaceOptions={customPopoverOptions}
              interface="popover"
              placeholder="Select One"
              onIonChange={e => setHairColor(e.detail.value)}
              value={hairColor}>
              <IonSelectOption value="brown">Brown</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="blonde">Blonde</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="black">Black</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="red">Red</IonSelectOption>
            </IonSelect>
          </IonItem>

          <IonItem>
            <IonLabel>Action Sheet</IonLabel>
            <IonSelect
              interfaceOptions={customActionSheetOptions}
              interface="action-sheet"
              placeholder="Select One"
              onIonChange={e => setColor(e.detail.value)}
              value={color}
            >
              <IonSelectOption value="red">Red</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="purple">Purple</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="yellow">Yellow</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="orange">Orange</IonSelectOption>
              <IonSelectOption value="green">Green</IonSelectOption>
            </IonSelect>
          </IonItem>

          <IonItemDivider>Your Selections</IonItemDivider>
          <IonItem>Toppings: {toppings.length ? toppings.reduce((curr, prev) => prev + ', ' + curr, '') : '(none selected)'}</IonItem>
          <IonItem>Hair Color: {hairColor}</IonItem>
          <IonItem>Color: {color ?? '(none selected)'}</IonItem>
        </IonList>
      </IonContent>
    </IonPage>
  );
};
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Single Selection

import { Component, h } from '@stencil/core';

@Component({
  tag: 'select-example',
  styleUrl: 'select-example.css'
})
export class SelectExample {
  render() {
    return [
      <ion-list>
        <ion-list-header>
          <ion-label>
            Single Selection
          </ion-label>
        </ion-list-header>

        <ion-item>
          <ion-label>Gender</ion-label>
          <ion-select placeholder="Select One">
            <ion-select-option value="f">Female</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="m">Male</ion-select-option>
          </ion-select>
        </ion-item>

        <ion-item>
          <ion-label>Hair Color</ion-label>
          <ion-select value="brown" okText="Okay" cancelText="Dismiss">
            <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
          </ion-select>
        </ion-item>

      </ion-list>
    ];
  }
}
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Multiple Selection

import { Component, h } from '@stencil/core';

@Component({
  tag: 'select-example',
  styleUrl: 'select-example.css'
})
export class SelectExample {
  render() {
    return [
      <ion-list>
        <ion-list-header>
          <ion-label>
            Multiple Selection
          </ion-label>
        </ion-list-header>

        <ion-item>
          <ion-label>Toppings</ion-label>
          <ion-select multiple={true} cancelText="Nah" okText="Okay!">
            <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
          </ion-select>
        </ion-item>

        <ion-item>
          <ion-label>Pets</ion-label>
          <ion-select multiple={true} value={['bird', 'dog']}>
            <ion-select-option value="bird">Bird</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="cat">Cat</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="dog">Dog</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="honeybadger">Honey Badger</ion-select-option>
          </ion-select>
        </ion-item>
      </ion-list>
    ];
  }
}
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Objects as Values

import { Component, h } from '@stencil/core';

@Component({
  tag: 'select-example',
  styleUrl: 'select-example.css'
})
export class SelectExample {
  private users: any[] = [
    {
      id: 1,
      first: 'Alice',
      last: 'Smith',
    },
    {
      id: 2,
      first: 'Bob',
      last: 'Davis',
    },
    {
      id: 3,
      first: 'Charlie',
      last: 'Rosenburg',
    }
  ];

  compareWith = (o1, o2) => {
    return o1 && o2 ? o1.id === o2.id : o1 === o2;
  };

  render() {
    return [
      <ion-list>
        <ion-list-header>
          <ion-label>
            Objects as Values (compareWith)
          </ion-label>
        </ion-list-header>

        <ion-item>
          <ion-label>Users</ion-label>
          <ion-select compareWith={this.compareWith}>
            {this.users.map(user =>
            <ion-select-option value={user}>
              {user.first + ' ' + user.last}
            </ion-select-option>
            )}
          </ion-select>
        </ion-item>
      </ion-list>
    ];
  }
}
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Interface Options

import { Component, h } from '@stencil/core';

@Component({
  tag: 'select-example',
  styleUrl: 'select-example.css'
})
export class SelectExample {
  private customAlertOptions: any = {
    header: 'Pizza Toppings',
    subHeader: 'Select your toppings',
    message: '$1.00 per topping',
    translucent: true
  };

  private customPopoverOptions: any = {
    header: 'Hair Color',
    subHeader: 'Select your hair color',
    message: 'Only select your dominant hair color'
  };

  private customActionSheetOptions: any = {
    header: 'Colors',
    subHeader: 'Select your favorite color'
  };

  render() {
    return [
      <ion-list>
        <ion-list-header>
          <ion-label>
            Interface Options
          </ion-label>
        </ion-list-header>

        <ion-item>
          <ion-label>Alert</ion-label>
          <ion-select interfaceOptions={this.customAlertOptions} interface="alert" multiple={true} placeholder="Select One">
            <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
          </ion-select>
        </ion-item>

        <ion-item>
          <ion-label>Popover</ion-label>
          <ion-select interfaceOptions={this.customPopoverOptions} interface="popover" placeholder="Select One">
            <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
          </ion-select>
        </ion-item>

        <ion-item>
          <ion-label>Action Sheet</ion-label>
          <ion-select interfaceOptions={this.customActionSheetOptions} interface="action-sheet" placeholder="Select One">
            <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="purple">Purple</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="yellow">Yellow</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="orange">Orange</ion-select-option>
            <ion-select-option value="green">Green</ion-select-option>
          </ion-select>
        </ion-item>
      </ion-list>
    ];
  }
}
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Single Selection

<template>
  <ion-list>
    <ion-list-header>
      <ion-label>
        Single Selection
      </ion-label>
    </ion-list-header>

    <ion-item>
      <ion-label>Gender</ion-label>
      <ion-select placeholder="Select One">
        <ion-select-option value="f">Female</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="m">Male</ion-select-option>
      </ion-select>
    </ion-item>

    <ion-item>
      <ion-label>Hair Color</ion-label>
      <ion-select value="brown" ok-text="Okay" cancel-text="Dismiss">
        <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
      </ion-select>
    </ion-item>

  </ion-list>
</template>

<script>
import { 
  IonItem, 
  IonLabel, 
  IonList,
  IonListHeader,
  IonSelect,
  IonSelectOption
} from '@ionic/vue';
import { defineComponent } from 'vue';

export default defineComponent({
  components: {
    IonItem, 
    IonLabel, 
    IonList,
    IonListHeader,
    IonSelect,
    IonSelectOption
  }
});
</script>
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Multiple Selection

<template>
  <ion-list>
    <ion-list-header>
      <ion-label>
        Multiple Selection
      </ion-label>
    </ion-list-header>

    <ion-item>
      <ion-label>Toppings</ion-label>
      <ion-select multiple="true" cancel-text="Nah" ok-text="Okay!">
        <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
      </ion-select>
    </ion-item>

    <ion-item>
      <ion-label>Pets</ion-label>
      <ion-select multiple="true" :value=['bird', 'dog']>
        <ion-select-option value="bird">Bird</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="cat">Cat</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="dog">Dog</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="honeybadger">Honey Badger</ion-select-option>
      </ion-select>
    </ion-item>
  </ion-list>
</template>

<script>
import { 
  IonItem, 
  IonLabel, 
  IonList,
  IonListHeader,
  IonSelect,
  IonSelectOption
} from '@ionic/vue';
import { defineComponent } from 'vue';

export default defineComponent({
  components: {
    IonItem, 
    IonLabel, 
    IonList,
    IonListHeader,
    IonSelect,
    IonSelectOption
  }
});
</script>
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Interface Options

<template>
  <ion-list>
    <ion-list-header>
      <ion-label>
        Interface Options
      </ion-label>
    </ion-list-header>

    <ion-item>
      <ion-label>Alert</ion-label>
      <ion-select :interface-options="customAlertOptions" interface="alert" multiple="true" placeholder="Select One">
        <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
      </ion-select>
    </ion-item>

    <ion-item>
      <ion-label>Popover</ion-label>
      <ion-select :interface-options="customPopoverOptions" interface="popover" placeholder="Select One">
        <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
      </ion-select>
    </ion-item>

    <ion-item>
      <ion-label>Action Sheet</ion-label>
      <ion-select :interface-options="customActionSheetOptions" interface="action-sheet" placeholder="Select One">
        <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="purple">Purple</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="yellow">Yellow</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="orange">Orange</ion-select-option>
        <ion-select-option value="green">Green</ion-select-option>
      </ion-select>
    </ion-item>

  </ion-list>
</template>

<script>
import { 
  IonItem, 
  IonLabel, 
  IonList,
  IonListHeader,
  IonSelect,
  IonSelectOption
} from '@ionic/vue';
import { defineComponent } from 'vue';

export default defineComponent({
  components: {
    IonItem, 
    IonLabel, 
    IonList,
    IonListHeader,
    IonSelect,
    IonSelectOption
  },
  setup() {
    const customAlertOptions: any = {
      header: 'Pizza Toppings',
      subHeader: 'Select your toppings',
      message: '$1.00 per topping',
      translucent: true
    };

    const customPopoverOptions: any = {
      header: 'Hair Color',
      subHeader: 'Select your hair color',
      message: 'Only select your dominant hair color'
    };

    const customActionSheetOptions: any = {
      header: 'Colors',
      subHeader: 'Select your favorite color'
    };

    return {
      customAlertOptions,
      customPopoverOptions,
      customActionSheetOptions
    }
  }
});
</script>
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プロパティ

cancelText

Description

The text to display on the cancel button.

Attributecancel-text
Typestring
Default'Cancel'

compareWith

Description

A property name or function used to compare object values

Attributecompare-with
Type((currentValue: any, compareValue: any) => boolean) | null | string | undefined

disabled

Description

If true, the user cannot interact with the select.

Attributedisabled
Typeboolean
Defaultfalse

interface

Description

The interface the select should use: action-sheet, popover or alert.

Attributeinterface
Type"action-sheet" | "alert" | "popover"
Default'alert'

interfaceOptions

Description

Any additional options that the alert, action-sheet or popover interface can take. See the ion-alert docs, the ion-action-sheet docs and the ion-popover docs for the create options for each interface.

Note: interfaceOptions will not override inputs or buttons with the alert interface.

Attributeinterface-options
Typeany
Default{}

mode

Description

The mode determines which platform styles to use.

Attributemode
Type"ios" | "md"

multiple

Description

If true, the select can accept multiple values.

Attributemultiple
Typeboolean
Defaultfalse

name

Description

The name of the control, which is submitted with the form data.

Attributename
Typestring
Defaultthis.inputId

okText

Description

The text to display on the ok button.

Attributeok-text
Typestring
Default'OK'

placeholder

Description

The text to display when the select is empty.

Attributeplaceholder
Typenull | string | undefined

selectedText

Description

The text to display instead of the selected option's value.

Attributeselected-text
Typenull | string | undefined

value

Description

the value of the select.

Attributevalue
Typeany

イベント

NameDescription
ionBlurEmitted when the select loses focus.
ionCancelEmitted when the selection is cancelled.
ionChangeEmitted when the value has changed.
ionFocusEmitted when the select has focus.

メソッド

open

Description

Open the select overlay. The overlay is either an alert, action sheet, or popover, depending on the interface property on the ion-select.

Signatureopen(event?: UIEvent | undefined) => Promise<any>

CSS Shadow Parts

NameDescription
iconThe select icon container.
placeholderThe text displayed in the select when there is no value.
textThe displayed value of the select.

CSSカスタムプロパティ

NameDescription
--padding-bottomBottom padding of the select
--padding-endRight padding if direction is left-to-right, and left padding if direction is right-to-left of the select
--padding-startLeft padding if direction is left-to-right, and right padding if direction is right-to-left of the select
--padding-topTop padding of the select
--placeholder-colorColor of the select placeholder text
--placeholder-opacityOpacity of the select placeholder text
View Source