メインコンテンツまでスキップ
Version: v6

ion-modal

shadow

Contents

Modalは、アプリのコンテンツの上に表示されるダイアログであり、インタラクションを再開する前にはアプリによって消されなければならない。選択できるオプションが多い場合や、リスト内の項目をフィルタする場合、およびその他の多くのユースケースで、Selectコンポーネントとして役立ちます。

Presenting

There are two ways to use ion-modal: inline or via the modalController. Each method comes with different considerations, so be sure to use the approach that best fits your use case.

Inline Modals

ion-modal can be used by writing the component directly in your template. This reduces the number of handlers you need to wire up in order to present the modal. See Usage for an example of how to write a modal inline.

When using ion-modal with Angular, React, or Vue, the component you pass in will be destroyed when the modal is dismissed. As this functionality is provided by the JavaScript framework, using ion-modal without a JavaScript framework will not destroy the component you passed in. If this is a needed functionality, we recommend using the modalController instead.

Angular

Since the component you passed in needs to be created when the modal is presented and destroyed when the modal is dismissed, we are unable to project the content using <ng-content> internally. Instead, we use <ng-container> which expects an <ng-template> to be passed in. As a result, when passing in your component you will need to wrap it in an <ng-template>:

<ion-modal [isOpen]="isModalOpen">
<ng-template>
<app-modal-content></app-modal-content>
</ng-template>
</ion-modal>

When to use

Using a modal inline is useful when you do not want to explicitly wire up click events to open the modal. For example, you can use the is-open property to easily present or dismiss a modal based on some state in your application.

If you need fine grained control over when the modal is presented and dismissed, we recommend you use the modalController.

Controller Modals

ion-modal can also be presented programmatically by using the modalController imported from Ionic Framework. This allows you to have complete control over when a modal is presented above and beyond the customization that inline modals give you. See Usage for an example of how to use the modalController.

When to use

We typically recommend that you write your modals inline as it streamlines the amount of code in your application. You should only use the modalController for complex use cases where writing a modal inline is impractical.

Card Modal

Developers can create a card modal effect where the modal appears as a card stacked on top of your app's main content. To create a card modal, developers need to set the presentingElement property and the swipeToClose properties on ion-modal.

The presentingElement property accepts a reference to the element that should display under your modal. This is typically a reference to ion-router-outlet.

The swipeToClose property can be used to control whether or not the card modal can be swiped to close.

See Usage for examples on how to use the sheet modal.

Sheet Modal

Developers can create a sheet modal effect similar to the drawer components available in maps applications. To create a sheet modal, developers need to set the breakpoints and initialBreakpoint properties on ion-modal.

The breakpoints property accepts an array which states each breakpoint that the sheet can snap to when swiped. A breakpoints property of [0, 0.5, 1] would indicate that the sheet can be swiped to show 0% of the modal, 50% of the modal, and 100% of the modal. When the modal is swiped to 0%, the modal will be automatically dismissed.

The initialBreakpoint property is required so that the sheet modal knows which breakpoint to start at when presenting. The initalBreakpoint value must also exist in the breakpoints array. Given a breakpoints value of [0, 0.5, 1], an initialBreakpoint value of 0.5 would be valid as 0.5 is in the breakpoints array. An initialBreakpoint value of 0.25 would not be valid as 0.25 does not exist in the breakpoints array.

The backdropBreakpoint property can be used to customize the point at which the ion-backdrop will begin to fade in. This is useful when creating interfaces that have content underneath the sheet that should remain interactive. A common use case is a sheet modal that overlays a map where the map is interactive until the sheet is fully expanded.

See Usage for examples on how to use the sheet modal.

note

Note: The swipeToClose property has no effect when using a sheet modal as sheet modals must be swipeable in order to be usable.

Interfaces

Below you will find all of the options available to you when using the modalController. These options should be supplied when calling modalController.create().

interface ModalOptions {
component: any;
componentProps?: { [key: string]: any };
presentingElement?: HTMLElement;
showBackdrop?: boolean;
backdropDismiss?: boolean;
cssClass?: string | string[];
animated?: boolean;
swipeToClose?: boolean;

mode?: 'ios' | 'md';
keyboardClose?: boolean;
id?: string;

enterAnimation?: AnimationBuilder;
leaveAnimation?: AnimationBuilder;
}

Dismissing

The modal can be dismissed after creation by calling the dismiss() method on the modal controller. The onDidDismiss function can be called to perform an action after the modal is dismissed.

Styling

Modals are presented at the root of your application so they overlay your entire app. This behavior applies to both inline modals and modals presented from a controller. As a result, custom modal styles can not be scoped to a particular component as they will not apply to the modal. Instead, styles must be applied globally. For most developers, placing the custom styles in global.css is sufficient.

note

If you are building an Ionic Angular app, the styles need to be added to a global stylesheet file. Read Style Placement in the Angular section below for more information.

note

ion-modal works under the assumption that stacked modals are the same size. As a result, each subsequent modal will have no box shadow and a backdrop opacity of 0. This is to avoid the effect of shadows and backdrops getting darker with each added modal. This can be changed by setting the --box-shadow and --backdrop-opacity CSS variables:

ion-modal.stack-modal {
--box-shadow: 0 28px 48px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4);
--backdrop-opacity: var(--ion-backdrop-opacity, 0.32);
}

Interfaces

ModalOptions

interface ModalOptions<T extends ComponentRef = ComponentRef> {
component: T;
componentProps?: ComponentProps<T>;
presentingElement?: HTMLElement;
showBackdrop?: boolean;
backdropDismiss?: boolean;
cssClass?: string | string[];
animated?: boolean;
swipeToClose?: boolean;

mode?: Mode;
keyboardClose?: boolean;
id?: string;
htmlAttributes?: ModalAttributes;

enterAnimation?: AnimationBuilder;
leaveAnimation?: AnimationBuilder;

breakpoints?: number[];
initialBreakpoint?: number;
backdropBreakpoint?: number;
handle?: boolean;
}

ModalAttributes

interface ModalAttributes extends JSXBase.HTMLAttributes<HTMLElement> {}

Usage

Inline Modal

<!-- Default -->
<ion-modal [isOpen]="true">
<ng-template>
<ion-content>Modal Content</ion-content>
</ng-template>
</ion-modal>

<!-- Use a trigger -->
<ion-button id="trigger-button">Click to open modal</ion-button>
<ion-modal trigger="trigger-button">
<ng-template>
<ion-content>Modal Content</ion-content>
</ng-template>
</ion-modal>

<!-- Sheet Modal -->
<ion-modal
[isOpen]="true"
[breakpoints]="[0.1, 0.5, 1]"
[initialBreakpoint]="0.5"
>
<ng-template>
<ion-content>Modal Content</ion-content>
</ng-template>
</ion-modal>

<!-- Card Modal -->
<ion-modal
[isOpen]="true"
[swipeToClose]="true"
[presentingElement]="routerOutlet.nativeEl"
>
<ng-template>
<ion-content>Modal Content</ion-content>
</ng-template>
</ion-modal>

<!-- Passing Props -->
<ion-modal [isOpen]="true">
<ng-template>
<app-angular-component title="Ionic"></app-angular-component>
</ng-template>
</ion-modal>
import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { IonRouterOutlet } from '@ionic/angular';

@Component({
selector: 'modal-example',
templateUrl: 'modal-example.html',
styleUrls: ['./modal-example.css']
})
export class ModalExample {
constructor(public routerOutlet: IonRouterOutlet) {}
}
import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { ModalController } from '@ionic/angular';
import { ModalPage } from '../modal/modal.page';

@Component({
selector: 'modal-example',
templateUrl: 'modal-example.html',
styleUrls: ['./modal-example.css']
})
export class ModalExample {
constructor(public modalController: ModalController) {

}

async presentModal() {
const modal = await this.modalController.create({
component: ModalPage,
cssClass: 'my-custom-class'
});
return await modal.present();
}
}
import { Component, Input } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
selector: 'modal-page',
})
export class ModalPage {

constructor() {}

}

If you need a wrapper element inside of your modal component, we recommend using a <div class="ion-page"> so that the component dimensions are still computed properly.

Passing Data

During creation of a modal, data can be passed in through the componentProps. The previous example can be written to include data:

async presentModal() {
const modal = await this.modalController.create({
component: ModalPage,
cssClass: 'my-custom-class',
componentProps: {
'firstName': 'Douglas',
'lastName': 'Adams',
'middleInitial': 'N'
}
});
return await modal.present();
}

To get the data passed into the componentProps, set it as an @Input:

export class ModalPage {

// Data passed in by componentProps
@Input() firstName: string;
@Input() lastName: string;
@Input() middleInitial: string;

}

Dismissing a Modal

A modal can be dismissed by calling the dismiss method on the modal controller and optionally passing any data from the modal.

export class ModalPage {
...

dismiss() {
// using the injected ModalController this page
// can "dismiss" itself and optionally pass back data
this.modalController.dismiss({
'dismissed': true
});
}
}

After being dismissed, the data can be read in through the onWillDismiss or onDidDismiss attached to the modal after creation:

const { data } = await modal.onWillDismiss();
console.log(data);

Lazy Loading

When lazy loading a modal, it's important to note that the modal will not be loaded when it is opened, but rather when the module that imports the modal's module is loaded.

For example, say there exists a CalendarComponent and an EventModal. The modal is presented by clicking a button in the CalendarComponent. In Angular, the EventModalModule would need to be included in the CalendarComponentModule since the modal is created in the CalendarComponent:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';
import { IonicModule } from '@ionic/angular';

import { CalendarComponent } from './calendar.component';
import { EventModalModule } from '../modals/event/event.module';

@NgModule({
declarations: [
CalendarComponent
],
imports: [
IonicModule,
CommonModule,
EventModalModule
],
exports: [
CalendarComponent
]
})

export class CalendarComponentModule {}

Card Modals

Modals in iOS mode have the ability to be presented in a card-style and swiped to close. The card-style presentation and swipe to close gesture are not mutually exclusive, meaning you can pick and choose which features you want to use. For example, you can have a card-style modal that cannot be swiped or a full sized modal that can be swiped.

Card style modals when running on iPhone-sized devices do not have backdrops. As a result, the --backdrop-opacity variable will not have any effect.

If you are creating an application that uses ion-tabs, it is recommended that you get the parent ion-router-outlet using this.routerOutlet.parentOutlet.nativeEl, otherwise the tabbar will not scale down when the modal opens.

import { IonRouterOutlet } from '@ionic/angular';

constructor(private routerOutlet: IonRouterOutlet) {}

async presentModal() {
const modal = await this.modalController.create({
component: ModalPage,
cssClass: 'my-custom-class',
swipeToClose: true,
presentingElement: this.routerOutlet.nativeEl
});
return await modal.present();
}

In most scenarios, using the ion-router-outlet element as the presentingElement is fine. In cases where you are presenting a card-style modal from within another modal, you should pass in the top-most ion-modal element as the presentingElement.

import { ModalController } from '@ionic/angular';

constructor(private modalController: ModalController) {}

async presentModal() {
const modal = await this.modalController.create({
component: ModalPage,
cssClass: 'my-custom-class',
swipeToClose: true,
presentingElement: await this.modalController.getTop() // Get the top-most ion-modal
});
return await modal.present();
}

Sheet Modals

import { IonRouterOutlet } from '@ionic/angular';

constructor(private routerOutlet: IonRouterOutlet) {}

async presentModal() {
const modal = await this.modalController.create({
component: ModalPage,
initialBreakpoint: 0.5,
breakpoints: [0, 0.5, 1]
});
return await modal.present();
}

Style Placement

In Angular, the CSS of a specific page is scoped only to elements of that page. Even though the Modal can be presented from within a page, the ion-modal element is appended outside of the current page. This means that any custom styles need to go in a global stylesheet file. In an Ionic Angular starter this can be the src/global.scss file or you can register a new global style file by adding to the styles build option in angular.json.

Properties

animated

DescriptionIf true, the modal will animate.
Attributeanimated
Typeboolean
Defaulttrue

backdropBreakpoint

DescriptionA decimal value between 0 and 1 that indicates the
point after which the backdrop will begin to fade in
when using a sheet modal. Prior to this point, the
backdrop will be hidden and the content underneath
the sheet can be interacted with. This value is exclusive
meaning the backdrop will become active after the value
specified.
Attributebackdrop-breakpoint
Typenumber
Default0

backdropDismiss

DescriptionIf true, the modal will be dismissed when the backdrop is clicked.
Attributebackdrop-dismiss
Typeboolean
Defaulttrue

breakpoints

DescriptionThe breakpoints to use when creating a sheet modal. Each value in the
array must be a decimal between 0 and 1 where 0 indicates the modal is fully
closed and 1 indicates the modal is fully open. Values are relative
to the height of the modal, not the height of the screen. One of the values in this
array must be the value of the initialBreakpoint property.
For example: [0, .25, .5, 1]
Attributeundefined
Typenumber[] | undefined
Defaultundefined

enterAnimation

DescriptionAnimation to use when the modal is presented.
Attributeundefined
Type((baseEl: any, opts?: any) => Animation) | undefined
Defaultundefined

handle

DescriptionThe horizontal line that displays at the top of a sheet modal. It is true by default when
setting the breakpoints and initialBreakpoint properties.
Attributehandle
Typeboolean | undefined
Defaultundefined

htmlAttributes

DescriptionAdditional attributes to pass to the modal.
Attributeundefined
TypeModalAttributes | undefined
Defaultundefined

initialBreakpoint

DescriptionA decimal value between 0 and 1 that indicates the
initial point the modal will open at when creating a
sheet modal. This value must also be listed in the
breakpoints array.
Attributeinitial-breakpoint
Typenumber | undefined
Defaultundefined

isOpen

DescriptionIf true, the modal will open. If false, the modal will close.
Use this if you need finer grained control over presentation, otherwise
just use the modalController or the trigger property.
Note: isOpen will not automatically be set back to false when
the modal dismisses. You will need to do that in your code.
Attributeis-open
Typeboolean
Defaultfalse

keyboardClose

DescriptionIf true, the keyboard will be automatically dismissed when the overlay is presented.
Attributekeyboard-close
Typeboolean
Defaulttrue

leaveAnimation

DescriptionAnimation to use when the modal is dismissed.
Attributeundefined
Type((baseEl: any, opts?: any) => Animation) | undefined
Defaultundefined

mode

DescriptionThe mode determines which platform styles to use.
Attributemode
Type"ios" | "md"
Defaultundefined

presentingElement

DescriptionThe element that presented the modal. This is used for card presentation effects
and for stacking multiple modals on top of each other. Only applies in iOS mode.
Attributeundefined
TypeHTMLElement | undefined
Defaultundefined

showBackdrop

DescriptionIf true, a backdrop will be displayed behind the modal.
Attributeshow-backdrop
Typeboolean
Defaulttrue

swipeToClose

DescriptionIf true, the modal can be swiped to dismiss. Only applies in iOS mode.
Attributeswipe-to-close
Typeboolean
Defaultfalse

trigger

DescriptionAn ID corresponding to the trigger element that
causes the modal to open when clicked.
Attributetrigger
Typestring | undefined
Defaultundefined

Events

NameDescription
didDismissEmitted after the modal has dismissed.
Shorthand for ionModalDidDismiss.
didPresentEmitted after the modal has presented.
Shorthand for ionModalWillDismiss.
ionModalDidDismissEmitted after the modal has dismissed.
ionModalDidPresentEmitted after the modal has presented.
ionModalWillDismissEmitted before the modal has dismissed.
ionModalWillPresentEmitted before the modal has presented.
willDismissEmitted before the modal has dismissed.
Shorthand for ionModalWillDismiss.
willPresentEmitted before the modal has presented.
Shorthand for ionModalWillPresent.

Methods

dismiss

DescriptionDismiss the modal overlay after it has been presented.
Signaturedismiss(data?: any, role?: string | undefined) => Promise<boolean>

onDidDismiss

DescriptionReturns a promise that resolves when the modal did dismiss.
SignatureonDidDismiss<T = any>() => Promise<OverlayEventDetail<T>>

onWillDismiss

DescriptionReturns a promise that resolves when the modal will dismiss.
SignatureonWillDismiss<T = any>() => Promise<OverlayEventDetail<T>>

present

DescriptionPresent the modal overlay after it has been created.
Signaturepresent() => Promise<void>

CSS Shadow Parts

NameDescription
backdropThe ion-backdrop element.
contentThe wrapper element for the default slot.
handleThe handle that is displayed at the top of the sheet modal when handle="true".

CSS Custom Properties

NameDescription
--backdrop-opacityOpacity of the backdrop
--backgroundBackground of the modal content
--border-colorBorder color of the modal content
--border-radiusBorder radius of the modal content
--border-styleBorder style of the modal content
--border-widthBorder width of the modal content
--heightHeight of the modal
--max-heightMaximum height of the modal
--max-widthMaximum width of the modal
--min-heightMinimum height of the modal
--min-widthMinimum width of the modal
--widthWidth of the modal

Slots

NameDescription
= Content is placed inside of the .modal-content element.
View Source