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Version: v6

ion-route

コンテンツ

routeコンポーネントは、コンポーネントを受け取り、ブラウザのURLがurlプロパティと一致したときにそれをレンダリングします。

note

Note: このコンポーネントは、バニラおよびステンシルJavaScriptプロジェクトでのみ使用してください。Angularプロジェクトでは、ion-router-outlet と Angularルータを使用してください。

ナビゲーションフック

ナビゲーションフックは、タスクを実行したり、ナビゲーションガードとして動作させるために使用することができます。フックは、各 ion-routebeforeEnterbeforeLeave プロパティに関数を提供することで使用します。true を返すとナビゲーションを進めることができ、false を返すとナビゲーションがキャンセルされる。NavigationHookOptions` 型のオブジェクトを返すと、ナビゲーションを別のページにリダイレクトすることができます。

Interfaces

interface NavigationHookOptions {
/**
* A valid path to redirect navigation to.
*/
redirect: string;
}

使い方

<ion-router>
<ion-route url="/home" component="page-home"></ion-route>
<ion-route url="/dashboard" component="page-dashboard"></ion-route>
<ion-route url="/new-message" component="page-new-message"></ion-route>
<ion-route url="/login" component="page-login"></ion-route>
</ion-router>
const dashboardPage = document.querySelector('ion-route[url="/dashboard"]');
dashboardPage.beforeEnter = isLoggedInGuard;

const newMessagePage = document.querySelector('ion-route[url="/dashboard"]');
newMessagePage.beforeLeave = hasUnsavedDataGuard;

const isLoggedInGuard = async () => {
const isLoggedIn = await UserData.isLoggedIn(); // Replace this with actual login validation

if (isLoggedIn) {
return true;
} else {
return { redirect: '/login' }; // If a user is not logged in, they will be redirected to the /login page
}
}

const hasUnsavedDataGuard = async () => {
const hasUnsavedData = await checkData(); // Replace this with actual validation

if (hasUnsavedData) {
return await confirmDiscardChanges();
} else {
return true;
}
}

const confirmDiscardChanges = async () => {
const alert = document.createElement('ion-alert');
alert.header = 'Discard Unsaved Changes?';
alert.message = 'Are you sure you want to leave? Any unsaved changed will be lost.';
alert.buttons = [
{
text: 'Cancel',
role: 'Cancel',
},
{
text: 'Discard',
role: 'destructive',
}
];

document.body.appendChild(alert);

await alert.present();

const { role } = await alert.onDidDismiss();

return (role === 'Cancel') ? false : true;
}

プロパティ

beforeEnter

DescriptionA navigation hook that is fired when the route tries to enter. Returning true allows the navigation to proceed, while returning false causes it to be cancelled. Returning a NavigationHookOptions object causes the router to redirect to the path specified.
Attributeundefined
Type(() => NavigationHookResult | Promise<NavigationHookResult>) | undefined
Defaultundefined

beforeLeave

DescriptionA navigation hook that is fired when the route tries to leave. Returning true allows the navigation to proceed, while returning false causes it to be cancelled. Returning a NavigationHookOptions object causes the router to redirect to the path specified.
Attributeundefined
Type(() => NavigationHookResult | Promise<NavigationHookResult>) | undefined
Defaultundefined

component

DescriptionName of the component to load/select in the navigation outlet (ion-tabs, ion-nav) when the route matches.

The value of this property is not always the tagname of the component to load, in ion-tabs it actually refers to the name of the ion-tab to select.
Attributecomponent
Typestring
Defaultundefined

componentProps

DescriptionA key value { 'red': true, 'blue': 'white'} containing props that should be passed to the defined component when rendered.
Attributeundefined
Typeundefined | { [key: string]: any; }
Defaultundefined

url

DescriptionRelative path that needs to match in order for this route to apply.

Accepts paths similar to expressjs so that you can define parameters in the url /foo/:bar where bar would be available in incoming props.
Attributeurl
Typestring
Default''

イベント

NameDescription
ionRouteDataChangedUsed internally by ion-router to know when this route did change.

メソッド

No public methods available for this component.

CSS Shadow Parts

No CSS shadow parts available for this component.

CSSカスタムプロパティ

No CSS custom properties available for this component.

Slots

No slots available for this component.