ion-select

Contents

Selects are form controls to select an option, or options, from a set of options, similar to a native <select> element. When a user taps the select, a dialog appears with all of the options in a large, easy to select list.

A select should be used with child <ion-select-option> elements. If the child option is not given a value attribute then its text will be used as the value.

If value is set on the <ion-select>, the selected option will be chosen based on that value. Otherwise, the selected attribute can be used on the <ion-select-option>.

Interfaces

By default, select uses the AlertController API to open up the overlay of options in an alert. The interface can be changed to use the ActionSheetController API or PopoverController API by passing action-sheet or popover, respectively, to the interface property. Read on to the other sections for the limitations of the different interfaces.

Single Selection

By default, the select allows the user to select only one option. The alert interface presents users with a radio button styled list of options. The action sheet interface can only be used with a single value select. The select component's value receives the value of the selected option's value.

Multiple Selection

By adding the multiple attribute to select, users are able to select multiple options. When multiple options can be selected, the alert overlay presents users with a checkbox styled list of options. The select component's value receives an array of all of the selected option values.

Note: the action-sheet and popover interfaces will not work with multiple selection.

Select Buttons

By default, the alert has two buttons: Cancel and OK. Each button's text can be customized using the cancelText and okText properties.

The action-sheet and popover interfaces do not have an OK button, clicking on any of the options will automatically close the overlay and select that value. The popover interface does not have a Cancel button, clicking on the backdrop will close the overlay.

Interface Options

Since select uses the alert, action sheet and popover interfaces, options can be passed to these components through the interfaceOptions property. This can be used to pass a custom header, subheader, css class, and more. See the AlertController API docs, ActionSheetController API docs, and PopoverController API docs for the properties that each interface accepts.

Usage

angular javascript

Single Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>Single Selection</ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Gender</ion-label>
    <ion-select placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="f">Female</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="m">Male</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Hair Color</ion-label>
    <ion-select value="brown" okText="Okay" cancelText="Dismiss">
      <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

</ion-list>

Multiple Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>Multiple Selection</ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Toppings</ion-label>
    <ion-select multiple="true" cancelText="Nah" okText="Okay!">
      <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Pets</ion-label>
    <ion-select multiple="true">
      <ion-select-option value="bird" selected>Bird</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="cat">Cat</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="dog" selected>Dog</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="honeybadger">Honey Badger</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>
</ion-list>

Interface Options

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>Interface Options</ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Alert</ion-label>
    <ion-select [interfaceOptions]="customAlertOptions" interface="alert" multiple="true" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Popover</ion-label>
    <ion-select [interfaceOptions]="customPopoverOptions" interface="popover" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Action Sheet</ion-label>
    <ion-select [interfaceOptions]="customActionSheetOptions" interface="action-sheet" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="purple">Purple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="yellow">Yellow</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="orange">Orange</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="green">Green</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

</ion-list>
import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'select-example',
  templateUrl: 'select-example.html',
  styleUrls: ['./select-example.css'],
})
export class SelectExample {
  customAlertOptions: any = {
    header: 'Pizza Toppings',
    subHeader: 'Select your toppings',
    message: '$1.00 per topping',
    translucent: true
  };

  customPopoverOptions: any = {
    header: 'Hair Color',
    subHeader: 'Select your hair color',
    message: 'Only select your dominant hair color'
  };

  customActionSheetOptions: any = {
    header: 'Colors',
    subHeader: 'Select your favorite color'
  };
}

Single Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>Single Selection</ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Gender</ion-label>
    <ion-select placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="f">Female</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="m">Male</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Hair Color</ion-label>
    <ion-select value="brown" ok-text="Okay" cancel-text="Dismiss">
      <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

</ion-list>

Multiple Selection

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>Multiple Selection</ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Toppings</ion-label>
    <ion-select multiple="true" cancel-text="Nah" ok-text="Okay!">
      <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Pets</ion-label>
    <ion-select multiple="true">
      <ion-select-option value="bird" selected>Bird</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="cat">Cat</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="dog" selected>Dog</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="honeybadger">Honey Badger</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>
</ion-list>

Interface Options

<ion-list>
  <ion-list-header>Interface Options</ion-list-header>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Alert</ion-label>
    <ion-select id="customAlertSelect" interface="alert" multiple="true" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="bacon">Bacon</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="olives">Black Olives</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="xcheese">Extra Cheese</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="peppers">Green Peppers</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="mushrooms">Mushrooms</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="onions">Onions</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pepperoni">Pepperoni</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="pineapple">Pineapple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="sausage">Sausage</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="Spinach">Spinach</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Popover</ion-label>
    <ion-select id="customPopoverSelect" interface="popover" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="brown">Brown</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="blonde">Blonde</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="black">Black</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

  <ion-item>
    <ion-label>Action Sheet</ion-label>
    <ion-select id="customActionSheetSelect" interface="action-sheet" placeholder="Select One">
      <ion-select-option value="red">Red</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="purple">Purple</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="yellow">Yellow</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="orange">Orange</ion-select-option>
      <ion-select-option value="green">Green</ion-select-option>
    </ion-select>
  </ion-item>

</ion-list>
var customAlertSelect = document.getElementById('customAlertSelect');
var customAlertOptions = {
  header: 'Pizza Toppings',
  subHeader: 'Select your toppings',
  message: '$1.00 per topping',
  translucent: true
};
customAlertSelect.interfaceOptions = customAlertOptions;

var customPopoverSelect = document.getElementById('customPopoverSelect');
var customPopoverOptions = {
  header: 'Hair Color',
  subHeader: 'Select your hair color',
  message: 'Only select your dominant hair color'
};
customPopoverSelect.interfaceOptions = customPopoverOptions;

var customActionSheetSelect = document.getElementById('customActionSheetSelect');
var customActionSheetOptions = {
  header: 'Colors',
  subHeader: 'Select your favorite color'
};
customActionSheetSelect.interfaceOptions = customActionSheetOptions;

Properties

cancelText

Description

The text to display on the cancel button.

Attribute cancel-text
Type string

disabled

Description

If true, the user cannot interact with the select.

Attribute disabled
Type boolean

interface

Description

The interface the select should use: action-sheet, popover or alert.

Attribute interface
Type "action-sheet" | "alert" | "popover"

interfaceOptions

Description

Any additional options that the alert, action-sheet or popover interface can take. See the AlertController API docs, the ActionSheetController API docs and the PopoverController API docs for the create options for each interface.

Attribute interface-options
Type any

mode

Description

The mode determines which platform styles to use.

Attribute mode
Type "ios" | "md"

multiple

Description

If true, the select can accept multiple values.

Attribute multiple
Type boolean

name

Description

The name of the control, which is submitted with the form data.

Attribute name
Type string

okText

Description

The text to display on the ok button.

Attribute ok-text
Type string

placeholder

Description

The text to display when the select is empty.

Attribute placeholder
Type null | string | undefined

selectedText

Description

The text to display instead of the selected option's value.

Attribute selected-text
Type null | string | undefined

value

Description

the value of the select.

Attribute value
Type any

Events

Name Description
ionBlur Emitted when the select loses focus.
ionCancel Emitted when the selection is cancelled.
ionChange Emitted when the value has changed.
ionFocus Emitted when the select has focus.

Methods

open

Description

Opens the select overlay, it could be an alert, action-sheet or popover, based in ion-select settings.

Signature open(ev?: UIEvent | undefined) => Promise<HTMLIonActionSheetElement | HTMLIonAlertElement | HTMLIonPopoverElement | undefined>

CSS Custom Properties

Name Description
--padding-bottom Bottom padding of the select
--padding-end End padding of the select
--padding-start Start padding of the select
--padding-top Top padding of the select